Review-SIMC 2016; 2016:e00012

Science Insights Materials & Chemistry, 11 January 2016
2016: e00012
Doi: 10.15354/simc.16.re012
Biomaterials
 
Review (Narrative)
Biomedical Materials and Medicine Development
Andrew F. Murphy, PhD1,*
 
Author Affiliations
1: Division of Biology and Chemistry (DBC), The BASE, Chapel Hill, NC 27157, USA.
* Correspondence to: Dr. Andrew F. Murphy, PhD, Email: afmurphy@basehq.org.
 
Sci Insigt Mat Chem. 2016;2016:e00012. doi:10.15354/simc.16.re012
 
SUMMARY

Biomedical materials or biomaterials are defined as “non-viable materials used in different medicinal devices, proposed to act together with biological systems”. Usually, biomedical materials are infrequently used as isolated materials, however, they are more regularly incorporated into implants or devices. The biological reaction to the ultimate fabricated biomedical device will finally direct its achievement or failure. Ideal biomaterial retain both the biological properties that are required to interact with cellular surroundings, as well as the chemical and physical properties needed for a preferred application, for example, biological stability and strength in the pattern of joint replacements. The development of these materials initiates with the investigation at the molecular level.■

KEYWORDS   Materials; Chemistry; Medical Science; Health